Risk, the word itself sounds something vulnerable, it is the probability or threat of injury, damage, loss, liability or some negative occurrence which can be avoided with preventive approach. Hazard and risk have a consistent relationship with any work activities carried out on a work (e.g. construction) site.
The very first objective of any safety management system is “zero accidents”, thus all the plans and procedures are driven by this very commitment. The harsh reality is, after all the efforts and hard works, accidents do occur. Hence every safety management system paradoxically also prepares for “What If, It still Occurs” and the answers to this question leads to something known as emergency planning in technical terms and allowing the information to propagate in a faster way to a larger mass.